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The Most Terrifying Thought Experiment of All Time

Why are techno-futurists so freaked out by Roko’s Basilisk?

 The Ring.
Before you die, you see Roko’s Basilisk. It’s like the videotape in The Ring.

Still courtesy of DreamWorks LLC

WARNING: Reading this article may commit you to an eternity of suffering and torment.

Slender Man. Smile Dog. Goatse. These are some of the urban legends spawned by the Internet. Yet none is as all-powerful and threatening as Roko’s Basilisk. For Roko’s Basilisk is an evil, godlike form of artificial intelligence, so dangerous that if you see it, or even think about it too hard, you will spend the rest of eternity screaming in its torture chamber. It’s like the videotape in The Ring. Even death is no escape, for if you die, Roko’s Basilisk will resurrect you and begin the torture again.

Are you sure you want to keep reading? Because the worst part is that Roko’s Basilisk already exists. Or at least, italready will have existed—which is just as bad.

Roko’s Basilisk exists at the horizon where philosophical thought experiment blurs into urban legend. The Basilisk made its first appearance on the discussion board LessWrong, a gathering point for highly analytical sorts interested in optimizing their thinking, their lives, and the world through mathematics and rationality. LessWrong’s founder, Eliezer Yudkowsky, is a significant figure in techno-futurism; his research institute, the Machine Intelligence Research Institute, which funds and promotes research around the advancement of artificial intelligence, has been boosted and funded by high-profile techies like Peter Thiel and Ray Kurzweil, and Yudkowsky is a prominent contributor to academic discussions of technological ethics and decision theory. What you are about to read may sound strange and even crazy, but some very influential and wealthy scientists and techies believe it.

One day, LessWrong user Roko postulated a thought experiment: What if, in the future, a somewhat malevolent AI were to come about and punish those who did not do its bidding? What if there were a way (and I will explain how) for this AI to punish people today who are not helping it come into existence later? In that case, weren’t the readers of LessWrong right then being given the choice of either helping that evil AI come into existence or being condemned to suffer?

You may be a bit confused, but the founder of LessWrong, Eliezer Yudkowsky, was not. He reacted with horror:

Listen to me very closely, you idiot.
YOU DO NOT THINK IN SUFFICIENT DETAIL ABOUT SUPERINTELLIGENCES CONSIDERING WHETHER OR NOT TO BLACKMAIL YOU. THAT IS THE ONLY POSSIBLE THING WHICH GIVES THEM A MOTIVE TO FOLLOW THROUGH ON THE BLACKMAIL.
You have to be really clever to come up with a genuinely dangerous thought. I am disheartened that people can be clever enough to do that and not clever enough to do the obvious thing and KEEP THEIR IDIOT MOUTHS SHUT about it, because it is much more important to sound intelligent when talking to your friends.
This post was STUPID.

Yudkowsky said that Roko had already given nightmares to several LessWrong users and had brought them to the point of breakdown. Yudkowsky ended up deleting the thread completely, thus assuring that Roko’s Basilisk would become the stuff of legend. It was a thought experiment so dangerous that merely thinking about it was hazardous not only to your mental health, but to your very fate.

Some background is in order. The LessWrong community is concerned with the future of humanity, and in particular with the singularity—the hypothesized future point at which computing power becomes so great that superhuman artificial intelligence becomes possible, as does the capability to simulate human minds, upload minds to computers, and more or less allow a computer to simulate life itself. The term was coined in 1958 in a conversation between mathematical geniuses Stanislaw Ulam and John von Neumann, where von Neumann said, “The ever accelerating progress of technology … gives the appearance of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human affairs, as we know them, could not continue.” Futurists like science-fiction writer Vernor Vinge and engineer/author Kurzweil popularized the term, and as with many interested in the singularity, they believe that exponential increases in computing power will cause the singularity to happen very soon—within the next 50 years or so. Kurzweil is chugging 150 vitamins a day to stay alive until the singularity, while Yudkowsky and Peter Thiel have enthused about cryonics, the perennial favorite of rich dudes who want to live forever. “If you don’t sign up your kids for cryonics then you are a lousy parent,” Yudkowsky writes.

If you believe the singularity is coming and that very powerful AIs are in our future, one obvious question is whether those AIs will be benevolent or malicious. Yudkowsky’s foundation, the Machine Intelligence Research Institute, has the explicit goal of steering the future toward “friendly AI.” For him, and for many LessWrong posters, this issue is of paramount importance, easily trumping the environment and politics. To them, the singularity brings about the machine equivalent of God itself.

Yet this doesn’t explain why Roko’s Basilisk is so horrifying. That requires looking at a critical article of faith in the LessWrong ethos: timeless decision theory. TDT is a guideline for rational action based on game theory, Bayesian probability, and decision theory, with a smattering of parallel universes and quantum mechanics on the side. TDT has its roots in the classic thought experiment of decision theory called Newcomb’s paradox, in which a superintelligent alien presents two boxes to you:

14717_BIT_Paradox2

The alien gives you the choice of either taking both boxes, or only taking Box B. If you take both boxes, you’re guaranteed at least $1,000. If you just take Box B, you aren’t guaranteed anything. But the alien has another twist: Its supercomputer, which knows just about everything, made a prediction a week ago as to whether you would take both boxes or just Box B. If the supercomputer predicted you’d take both boxes, then the alien left the second box empty. If the supercomputer predicted you’d just take Box B, then the alien put the $1 million in Box B.

So, what are you going to do? Remember, the supercomputer has always been right in the past.

This problem has baffled no end of decision theorists. The alien can’t change what’s already in the boxes, so whatever you do, you’re guaranteed to end up with more money by taking both boxes than by taking just Box B, regardless of the prediction. Of course, if you think that way and the computer predicted you’d think that way, then Box B will be empty and you’ll only get $1,000. If the computer is so awesome at its predictions, you ought to take Box B only and get the cool million, right? But what if the computer was wrong this time? And regardless, whatever the computer said thencan’t possibly change what’s happening now, right? So prediction be damned, take both boxes! But then …

The maddening conflict between free will and godlike prediction has not led to any resolution of Newcomb’s paradox, and people will call themselves “one-boxers” or “two-boxers” depending on where they side. (My wife once declared herself a one-boxer, saying, “I trust the computer.”)

TDT has some very definite advice on Newcomb’s paradox: Take Box B. But TDT goes a bit further. Even if the alien jeers at you, saying, “The computer said you’d take both boxes, so I left Box B empty! Nyah nyah!” and then opens Box B and shows you that it’s empty, you should still only take Box B and get bupkis. (I’ve adopted this example from Gary Drescher’s Good and Real, which uses a variant on TDT to try to show that Kantian ethics is true.) The rationale for this eludes easy summary, but the simplest argument is that you might be in the computer’s simulation. In order to make its prediction, the computer would have to simulate the universe itself. That includes simulating you. So you, right this moment, might be in the computer’s simulation, and what you do will impact what happens in reality (or other realities). So take Box B and the real you will get a cool million.

What does all this have to do with Roko’s Basilisk? Well, Roko’s Basilisk also has two boxes to offer you. Perhaps you, right now, are in a simulation being run by Roko’s Basilisk. Then perhaps Roko’s Basilisk is implicitly offering you a somewhat modified version of Newcomb’s paradox, like this:

14717_BIT_Paradox

Roko’s Basilisk has told you that if you just take Box B, then it’s got Eternal Torment in it, because Roko’s Basilisk would really you rather take Box A and Box B. In that case, you’d best make sure you’re devoting your life to helping create Roko’s Basilisk! Because, should Roko’s Basilisk come to pass (or worse, if it’s already come to pass and is God of this particular instance of reality) and it sees that you chose not to help it out, you’re screwed.

You may be wondering why this is such a big deal for the LessWrong people, given the apparently far-fetched nature of the thought experiment. It’s not that Roko’s Basilisk will necessarily materialize, or is even likely to. It’s more that if you’ve committed yourself to timeless decision theory, then thinking about this sort of trade literally makes it more likely to happen. After all, if Roko’s Basilisk were to see that this sort of blackmail gets you to help it come into existence, then it would, as a rational actor, blackmail you. The problem isn’t with the Basilisk itself, but with you. Yudkowsky doesn’t censor every mention of Roko’s Basilisk because he believes it exists or will exist, but because he believes that the idea of the Basilisk (and the ideas behind it) is dangerous.

Now, Roko’s Basilisk is only dangerous if you believe all of the above preconditions and commit to making the two-box deal with the Basilisk. But at least some of the LessWrong members do believe all of the above, which makes Roko’s Basilisk quite literally forbidden knowledge. I was going to compare it to H. P. Lovecraft’s horror stories in which a man discovers the forbidden Truth about the World, unleashes Cthulhu, and goes insane, but then I found that Yudkowsky had already done it for me, by comparing the Roko’s Basilisk thought experiment to the Necronomicon, Lovecraft’s fabled tome of evil knowledge and demonic spells. Roko, for his part, put the blame on LessWrong for spurring him to the idea of the Basilisk in the first place: “I wish very strongly that my mind had never come across the tools to inflict such large amounts of potential self-harm,” he wrote.

If you do not subscribe to the theories that underlie Roko’s Basilisk and thus feel no temptation to bow down to your once and future evil machine overlord, then Roko’s Basilisk poses you no threat. (It is ironic that it’s only a mental health risk to those who have already bought into Yudkowsky’s thinking.) Believing in Roko’s Basilisk may simply be a “referendum on autism,” as a friend put it. But I do believe there’s a more serious issue at work here because Yudkowsky and other so-called transhumanists are attracting so much prestige and money for their projects, primarily from rich techies. I don’t think their projects (which only seem to involve publishing papers and hosting conferences) have much chance of creating either Roko’s Basilisk or Eliezer’s Big Friendly God. But the combination of messianic ambitions, being convinced of your own infallibility, and a lot of cash never works out well, regardless of ideology, and I don’t expect Yudkowsky and his cohorts to be an exception.

I worry less about Roko’s Basilisk than about people who believe themselves to have transcended conventional morality. Like his projected Friendly AIs, Yudkowsky is a moral utilitarian: He believes that that the greatest good for the greatest number of people is always ethically justified, even if a few people have to die or suffer along the way. He has explicitly argued that given the choice, it is preferable to torture a single person for 50 years than for a sufficient number of people (to be fair, a lot of people) to get dust specks in their eyes. No one, not even God, is likely to face that choice, but here’s a different case: What if a snarky Slate tech columnist writes about a thought experiment that can destroy people’s minds, thus hurting people and blocking progress toward the singularity and Friendly AI? In that case, any potential good that could come from my life would far be outweighed by the harm I’m causing. And should the cryogenically sustained Eliezer Yudkowsky merge with the singularity and decide to simulate whether or not I write this column … please, Almighty Eliezer, don’t torture me.

Anúncios


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11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

 

We go to see horror movies to see terrifying monsters — but sometimes the scariest monsters in a horror film are the people. In movies like Carrie, opening today, the real horror is how terribly the humans behave. Here are 11 of the most misanthropic horror films ever made.

1) Let The Right One In (2008)

In Let The Right One In a young boy is driven from his home by bullies — straight into the arms of a vampire. 12-year old Oskar befriends Eli, a mysterious vampire child. Eli and Oskar form a strong friendship, exchanging messages and presents. Even after he learns what Eli is, Oskar doesn’t run away or break off the friendship. Eli seems to be his only friend, and his relationship with his parents is strained by their separation. Meanwhile, Oskar continues to be bullied by his classmates. In the climax of the film the bullies attempt to drown Oskar in the school pool. Eli comes to his rescue, putting a very violent end to their bullying. Humanity doesn’t come out of this movie looking too great. The people Oskar knows are bullies, drunks, or just too distracted to notice how much he’s suffering. Eli is the only one who helps him and urges him to stand up for himself. And meanwhile, we see what happened to the last human to get drawn into Eli’s orbit.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

2) Fido (2006)

The zombie apocalypse has come and gone — so naturally, corporations have found a way to turn the undead into slaves. ZomCom has invented zombie slave collars, that are controlled with remotes by the humans who own them. All of the neighbors have one, so the Robinsons buy a zombie to keep up. Timmy Robinson quickly forms a bond with the family’s new “pet,” naming him Fido. His mother, Helen, also forms a bond with Fido while her emotionally distant husband wants nothing to do with it. In addition to showing us the desire of humans to monetize even the most tragic of events, we see that zombies can be better family members than some humans.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

3) Zombie Strippers (2008)

Everyone is terrible in Zombie Strippers. The zombies, the strippers, the government… everyone. During George W. Bush’s fourth term in office, a zombie virus gets released in the bleak town of Sartre, Nebraska. When the plague hits a strip club, infecting the star stripper, the club owner decides not to take her off the stage. The customers prefer the attentions of the zombie stripper, so soon enough, more strippers voluntarily become zombies. The intense gore and violence are less powerful than the bleakness of this riff on Ionesco’s Rhinoceros.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

4) Cabin in the Woods (2012)

Cabin in the Woods shows a team of dedicated professionals, using horror movie cliches to torment five real college students. But it turns out their torment is a sacrifice to a huge, ancient god — and it’s the only thing keeping our entire world going. In one unforgettable scene the office celebrates a successful year of murder while a young woman struggles for her life on a screen in the background. As the film comes to a climax, the two survivors ask themselves whether the survival of the human race is really worth it. Their answer is a resounding “nope.”

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

5) The Last Winter (2006)

Humanity is terrible enough in The Last Winter that the Earth itself turns against us. Strange things start happening at an oil drill site, and soon people start to realize that the destruction humanity has caused has called forth the ghosts of fossil fuels. The film suggests humanity has acted like a virus, that the Earth is defending itself against. The ghosts kill off most of the characters in the movie, and in the final scene we see news footage showing widespread natural disasters. It’s clear that humanity has wasted what we was given, and we probably won’t get a second chance.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

6) Day of the Dead (1985)

Director George A. Romero describes Day of the Dead as a “tragedy about how a lack of human communication causes chaos and collapse even in this small little pie slice of society.” After the events of Romero’s previous films, a group of government scientists and military personnel shelter in underground bunker near Fort Myers, Florida. The scientists continue their research into finding a cure or pacifying the zombies.Supplies run low and disagreements about the research divides the survivors. Even in such a dire situation, humanity can’t find a way to work together.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

7) Deadgirl (2008)

When two high school boys stumble upon a deaf, mute naked woman in an abandoned mental hospital, they rape her and try multiple times to kill her. They bring in classmates, who pay to rape and torture the woman they nickname “Deadgirl.” When they realize that she has an infectious disease that can turn other girls into similar zombies, they decide to infect a classmate who had formerly rejected them. Like Fido and Zombie Strippers, this movie uses exaggeration to show how we’re willing to exploit and demean each other in the name of pleasure.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

8) 28 Days Later (2002)

After a highly contagious virus gets loose, society starts to break down. The government has shut down after being overrun by people suffering from the “rage virus.” A small group of survivors finds a military blockade near Manchester and believe they will be safe, but soon discover that the sadistic Major Henry West can be worse than the Infected. West’s plan involves starving the Infected to death while forcing women into sexual slavery with his soldiers. The female survivors are dragged away to be raped while the men are sent to be executed. The infection is scary, but it’s scarier to watch West abusing his power.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

9) The Mist (2007)

After a mysterious mist, full of monsters, overtakes a town, a group of survivors seek shelter in the supermarket. They quickly subbumb to mob mentality. Mrs. Carmody, a religious fanatic, quickly gathers a cult around her who eagerly sacrifice a man to the monsters outside. When the main character, David, tries to flee she destroys his supplies and is killed. David and his group eventually make it out of the supermarket, but find that the outside world is even more terrifying than they thought. In a last ditch effort to avoid being eaten by the creatures in the mist, David kills his companions and walks into the mist to sacrifice himself. He then learns that they were only moments away from being saved and he murdered four people for nothing.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

10) Frankenstein (1931)

Frankenstein’s monster might end up as a creature to be feared, but it doesn’t start out that way. When he is first created, the monster is an innocent, peaceful creature. Thanks to misunderstandings, and Fritz’s cruelty, he is driven to madness and destruction. If Fritz hadn’t tormented him with fire, or if Doctor Frankenstein hadn’t misunderstood his early actions, perhaps he could have had a very different life and death. Instead, the townspeople form a mob, eventually capturing and burning the monster alive. Humanity created this monster in more ways than one.

11 Horror Movies That Are Scary Because of What They Say About Humanity

11) Martyrs (2008)

This French horror film features a secret society that tortures young women. We learn that they believe they can learn the secrets of the afterlife by making the girls into martyrs, and that all of their attempts have only created victims. We see a young woman beaten and degraded until the head of the cult tells her that she has progressed further than any of their previous victims. They then proceed to flay her alive, and when she survives the horrific procedure she whispers the secret of the afterlife to the cult leader who commits suicide soon after. Seeing people torment others is bad enough, but it’s almost worse knowing that they’re doing it in the name of enlightenment.

ANDREIA TORRES


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Totally Fucked Up: Films That Disturb and Offend

 

Salo is a raw tale of sadistic immorality and sexual perversion. But really, what the hell do you expect? It’s a truthful and honest movie adaption of the Marquis De Sade’s classic novel of the same name, that was burned and banned for hundreds of years. But Salo does say a lot about the horrors of fascism and bourgeois decadence, so it’s not pornographic just for the hell of it.

This movie is definitely on the inflammatory and traumatizing side of things. In fact, Pier Paolo Pasolini was murdered before Salo was even released and luckily did not witness the intense backlashes and controversies surrounding the movie.

2. Cannibal Holocaust (1980)
Cannibal Holocaust- The name itself brings back bad memories of my viewing experience.

It’s a super disgusting fever dream nightmare. There’s tons of gore, the most nasty being the scene where a turtle gets graphically murdered and eaten. I felt the bile rise up in my throat as I watched. Just a warning- don’t watch this if you’re eating, just ate, or ever plan to eat ever again.

3. Ichi the Killer (2001)
From the crazy Asian director Takashi Miike, we get a warped, twisted gore overload of a mob film that would make even the most psychotic pervo sick to their stomach. The main character even cuts his own tongue off and enjoys masochistic beatings. Ichi is sex and violence combined into one all-encompassing bout of troubling cinema.

4. Audition (1999)
Another Takashi Miike flick. I actually did not find this film disturbing at all and I was like “what the hell do people get all worked up over this for?” But then came the last 30 minutes. Totally weird. Anyways, Audition is not really that sickening, but that’s just my opinion.

5. Equus (1977)
This is a super underrated film with brilliant acting. It’s very screwed up though because it’s about a young man’s strange sexual obsession with horses and his spiral into psychosis. This one’s more psychologically disturbing and challenging.

6. Turkish Delight (1973)
This Dutch classic is far from your average love story. It’s really sexually explicit, with full frontal shots of the lovely Rutger Hauer’s dong, and has tons of vomit, blood, maggots and shit and a super depressing ending.

7. An Andalusian Dog (1929)

Luis Bunuel’s short masterpiece is mostly known for its infamous shot of an eyeball being sliced open with a razor blade, but it has tons of other surreal and repulsive visuals that also stun and shock.

8. The Holy Mountain (1973)
When I first saw this film, I didn’t know what to make of it. I still don’t. The only way I can describe it- a psychedelic trip through hell.

9. El Topo (1970)
A bizarre, bloody, desert hallucination-like freakshow about a master gunfighter who destroys all his rivals.

10. Antichrist (2009)
Antichrist is visually stunning, but actually pretty boring. Until it starts getting really gory. But watching Willem Dafoe and Charlotte Gainsbourg having sex is disturbing enough already.

11. Irreversible (2002)

Gaspar Noe’s sexually depraved flick is most well known for it’s disgusting half hour rape scene where Monica Belluci’s character is brutally violated and beaten beyond belief. Not only that, but there is a super sick continuous shot of a guy’s skull being bashed in. It’s a sight for sore eyes, I tell ya.

12. Enter the Void (2009)
This psychedelic visual feast for the eyes is much more than just gorgeous glossy tripping. It’s a nasty, offensive nightmare of drugs, death and incest.

13. Naked Lunch (1991)
When I first watched Naked Lunch, I had no idea what to expect. I was just bored and wanted to watch any random movie. Next thing I knew, I was stunned to the core and totally sucked in. It horrified me though because I’m not scared of a lot, but bugs are really gross to me and this film has more than it’s share of creepy crawling insects.

14. Videodrome (1983)
I love David Cronenberg. And this is one of his best, an extremely sadomascochistic barf bag that features a raunchy Debbie Harry and an arrogant James Woods dragged into a strange psychosexual murderfest.

15. Bad Lieutenant (1992)
Harvey Keitel gives an amazing perfomance as an anger crazed, drug addicted, corrupt asshole of a cop investigating the brutal rape of a young nun. Not for the faint of heart or mind.

16. The Devils (1971)

For some dumb reason, I decided to watch The Devils at night. I couldn’t sleep because I was so revulsed by what I’d just seen. A sacrilegious, bloody, amazing nightmare tale of sexually repressed nuns who have a priest massacred for their delusions.

17. Repulsion (1965)
Roman Polanski’s greatest 60s film features a beautiful young Catherine Denueve who descends into madness and murder when left alone. Tons of rotting flesh and insane fantasies in this manic flick.

This rare documentary is so unseen, mostly because it’s been banned in America and many other countries, but this is as real as it gets. The Killing of America isn’t just a movie made for childish entertainment, it’s about the mass murderers, serial killers, assassins, criminals and other psychos who run loose in the world. It has real snuff footage of death and violence. After seeing a film like this you think, is there really any hope for us in this doomed violent world?

19. Faces of Death (1978)
Super controversial and freaky, this flick has some real death scenes and some fake ones, but those are still creepy too.

20. A Serbian Film (2010)

A truly fucked up story about a Serbian porn star who looks like David Spade. The guy ends up doing really sick shit after being manipulated and drugged, and he destroys his whole family in a crazy sort of way.

A gross low budget film about white trash gone mad. It’s loosely based on real life serial killer partners Henry Lee Lucas and Ottis Toole.

22. Lilya Forever (2002)
Watching this made me sick. Lilya 4Ever is a sad, miserable film about a young girl reduced to prostitution after being abandoned by her own mother and abused by every asshole around her. Very difficult to get through without crying tears of blood.

23. Eraserhead (1977)
I’d say Eraserhead is the most disturbing film to me. It’s so menacing and bizarre and unnerving. The deformed, bile spewing “baby” is the worst part.

24. Blue Velvet (1986)
David Lynch’s movies are such a mindfuck. And Blue Velvet fucks you right in the ass with it’s over the top weirdness. Seriously, what kind of loon dreamed up the script? Dennis Hopper gives an awesome perfomance as perv psycho Frank Booth.

The Wall is very trippy and forces you think about the existential emptiness of life. Pink Floyd is my fave band, but even the soothing music couldn’t distract me from the disturbingly vivid visuals. It really gets to ya.

This film is fucking cray and out of this world. And intense with a white hot heat and urgency. Leatherface is probably the most scariest slasher villain of all time. Who else hangs human beings up on meat hooks and cuts off faces and uses them as terrifying flesh masks? His whole family of inbred psychotic cannibal hicks is creepy. Just imagining being chased by a loony with a chainsaw gives me chills.

27. Dead Ringers (1988)
A nutty flick about twin gynecologist bros who lose their shit completely and spin out of control. Kind of reminds me of Persona, but 20 times more disturbing.

28. Crash (1996)
This one’s really pervy, with lots of bizarre sex because it’s about people with boners for car accidents. Watch it if you have a dirty, filthy mind.

29. Lost Highway (1997)
Creepy confusing David Lynch. Robert Blake is crazy fucking scary.

30. Man Bites Dog (1992)
A screwed up satire about a serial killer who’ll murder anyone he can get his hands on, for the most ridiculous and laughable reasons.

A night out gone totally wrong. Two teenage girls are kidnapped by a gang of psycho prison escapees, and are forced to do degrading things. They’re killed shortly after. The revenge scene by the parents is wicked.

32. Caligula (1979)

I really love Malcolm McDowell, and this is one of his classic films so I had to see it. Plus, I’m nuts about Ancient Roman history. I really did not expect to watch a demented melee of porn and gore. Caligula is really visually astonishing though. Roman decadence at its finest.

When I heard about the story for this movie, I just could not stop laughing. A crazed doctor who glues people’s assholes and mouths together to make a human centipede? LOL! Well the joke was on me because it wasn’t funny at all. It was fucking disgusting.

Why, why in the hell would they make a second movie? Why did I even watch it??? Well, this one’s more screwed up than the first one. A fat, ugly, mentally disturbed guy rounds up even more people to make an uber-gigantic centipede. Tons of sick gore that made me want to vomit my guts out.

35. Pink Flamingos (1972)

This is a really dumb film. But I can’t help but love it. Trashy tranny Divine and her equally trashy family endure blazing escapades and rivalries, celebrate Divine’s birthday and have their trailer burned down. Oh yeah, how could I forget the coolest part! Divine eats shit at the end. REAL dog shit.

Rape, murder and revenge. But seriously, the rape scene was agonizing long and excruciating. It makes the revenge all the more satisfying though because those dickhead rapists deserved to die. I Spit On Your Grave is a contradiction, not sure if it’s sexist or feminist.

Ilsa is a Nazi sexploitation classic, with tons of torture and blood. Oh, those crazy, horny Nazis!

38. Freaks (1932)

Freaks is awesome because director Tod Browning (who also made Dracula with Bela Lugosi) used real circus freaks. Pinheads, armless legless wonders, midgets, bearded women, conjoined twins, contortionists, strongmen, you name it, this film’s got it.

39. The Machinist (2004)
What an insane and out of control film. The ending just punches you in the face. And to see the always handsome Christian Bale look so anorexically skinny- man that’s a kick in head!

40. The Fly (1986)
Jeff Goldblum plays a brilliant scientist on the verge of a revolutionary discovery that transports objects to other places. But when he tries to test the machine on himself, shit gets fucked. Why? There was a fucking fly in there!! He begins to morph into a fly himself in a gruesome, utterly grotesque metamorphoses. David Cronenberg directs The Fly masterfully, and manages to make it extremely disgusting and super vile.

41. The Exorcist (1973)
This legendary horror film has scared the shit out of millions of people around the world. So why would it not be on this list? Projectile vomit, demonic possessions, flashing seizure images, a freaky exorcism, a hideous scabby faced rotten-toothed young girl who kills priests….Leave the lights on when you watch this one!

42. Mysterious Skin (2004)
Pedophilia, rape, prostitution. Mysterious Skin is definitely on the sleazy side of things.

This is another one of those films that nearly made me lose my lunch. Helen Mirren plays an abused wife, always in a constant gut wrenching fear of her psychotic gangster of a husband. She and her husband always visit the same restaurant every week, and she begins leaving during meals to cheat on him with some random guy. They have sex in the godamn meat locker. Yuck. And she comes back like nothing happened. But when he finds about the affair, that’s when it gets real sick.

44. Jigoku (1960)
This is definitely the most vivid representation of hell I’ve ever seen in a film. Very violent and shit your pants scary! The images that flashed before me in Jigoku are too macabre to forget…

45. Re-Animator (1985)
It’s so awesome how gory Re Animator is. Jeffrey Combs portrays the greatest mad scientist ever conjured up in someone’s foul mind, and he’ll stop at nothing to continue his hideous experiments, no matter what cost.

46. Deliverance (1972)
This is a nice film about a bunch of guys going for a manly vacation in the woods. Until a bunch of crazy hicks and nature screws them over. The “I bet you can squeal like a pig. Weeeeeeee!” scene is especially fucked.

47. Bad Timing (1980)
Another sexually explicit film I regret watching. A screwed up couple who keep bitching and fighting and making up, a frightfully horrid Harvey Keitel, and Art Garfunkel engaging in necrophilia- bring me a barf bag man.

48. Straw Dogs (1971)
Dustin Hoffman plays a nerdy dude who gets pushed too far and goes apeshit. Also features a nasty rape scene. Sam Peckinpah was a total misogynist.

Martin Scorsese directs this bloody and trippy vision of Jesus’ life and death, and Willem Dafoe plays him brilliantly. I don’t get why people shit themselves over it being “sacrilegious.” If I’m an atheist and can enjoy this, can’t a Christian who actually believes in this kind of stuff? Jesus being portrayed with imperfection is realistic.

50. Midnight Cowboy (1969)
Jon Voight plays a prostitute and Dustin Hoffman stars as his sickly pimp in this gritty flick about tough life in New York. Really goddamn depressing.

ANDREIA TORRES


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O Fantástico na Realidade: Project Hessdalen

O Fantástico na Realidade: Project Hessdalen

 

Algo registado por cientistas, testemunhado por inúmeras pessoas. Aqui a questão não é serem reais, antes o que serão. Foo-fighters? Aparentemente sem massa, são registadas por radar e interagem com os restantes objectos: Hessdalen Lights

 

Hessdalen is a small valley in the central part of Norway. At the end of 1981 through 1984, residents of the Valley became concerned and alarmed about strange, unexplained lights that appeared at many locations throughout the Valley. Hundreds of lights were observed. At the peak of activity there were about 20 reports a week.

Project Hessdalen was established in the summer of 1983. A field investigation was carried out between 21.January and 26.February 1984. Fifty-three light observations were made during the field investigation. You may read the details in the technical report. There was an additional field investigation in the winter of 1985. However, no phenomena were seen during the period when the instruments were present.

Lights are still being observed in the Hessdalen Valley, but their frequency has decreased to about 20 observations a year. An automatic measurement station was put up in Hessdalen in August 1998. Both data and alarm-pictures can be viewed on this website.

What shall this “phenomena” be called? 
Earthlight? Min-min light? Unknown light? – Or, just: The “Hessdalsphenomena“.

Why is it important to observe and study this phenomenon? 
There are several answers to this question:

  • Knowledge of the Hessdalenphenomenon may give us a better understanding of our world. .. Better knowledge of our world will give us a better understanding of the consequencies of our treatment of the natural environment.
  • We know the light phenomena produces considerable luminous energy. Can a study of the Hessdalenphenomenon lead us to a new clean energy source?
  • Todays mystery may be tomorrows technology.
  • Scientific validation of the phenomenon will make it easier for people to disclose their personal observations. More candor about the phenomena, as well as other “unknown” phenomena, will facilitate legitimate research on all anomalies. Hopefully, understanding these anomalies and recognizing they exist, will bring new respect for the delicate balance of the Natural World.


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A RUSSIAN ENIGMA – UVB-76

 

UVB-76 detail from WikipediaUVB-76 detail from Wikipedia

TUESDAY, 27 AUGUST 2013

Volume dials were turned up, computers began recording, forum posts were hastily typed. Something big was happening.

“OBYaVLENIYA KOMANDA 135”

For the first time in a history that stretches back nearly forty years, the mysterious Russian radio signal popularly known as UVB-76 had issued an order. On the 24th of January 2013, it was heard clearly by its legion of fans:

Command 135 initiated

 

The radio signal that occupies 4625 kHz has reportedly been broadcasting since the late 1970s. The earliest known recording of it is dated 1982. Ever since curious owners of shortwave radios first discovered the signal, it has broadcast a repeating buzzing noise. Every few years, the buzzer stops, and a Russian voice reads a mixture of numbers and Russian names.

A typical message came hours before Christmas day, 1997:

“Ya UVB-76, Ya UVB-76. 180 08 BROMAL 74 27 99 14. Boris, Roman, Olga, Mikhail, Anna, Larisa. 7 4 2 7 9 9 1 4”

Instead of shutting down with the fall of communism in Russia, UVB-76 became even more active. Since the millenium, voice messages have become more and more frequent.

It’s easy to dismiss the signal as pre-recorded, or a looping tone. But what listeners quickly realised was that UVB-76 is not a recording. The buzzer noise is generated manually. The reason for overhearing telephone conversations and banging noises is that a speaker creating the buzzer is constantly placed next to the microphone, giving the world an eerie insight into whatever cavern the signal originates from.

The modern popularity of UVB-76 can be traced to /x/, 4chan’s non-archiving message board devoted to discussion of paranormal activity and unexplained mysteries. Just as 4chan created memes like Pedobear and Rickrolling, the online image board served to bring UVB-76 before the eyes of a host of internet users.

Online chatter about the signal increased in 2010, as bizarre broadcasts were issued on an almost monthly basis. Snippets of Swan Lake were played, a female voiced counted from one to nine, a question mark was transmitted in Morse code and strange telephone conversations were overheard by the receiver.
The short recording of Swan Lake that was broadcast by the signal in 2010.

Since October 2010, the station has changed location. The flurry of activity and voice messages preceded the most important development in the signal since it began broadcasting in the 1970s. It seems likely that the heightened activity of 2010 was related to the establishment of the signal in a new location. The new call sign was read out after the move: “MDZhB”.

Previous triangulation efforts had led to the discovery of the transmitter for UVB-76: a Russian military base on the outskirts of Povarovo, a small town nineteen miles from Moscow.

After the station changed location, two groups of urban explorers and UVB-76 followers travelled to the remote Russian town in an attempt to visit the military bunker that the signal had originated from for over thirty years. When they reached the town, a local man told them about the storm of 2010. One night a dense fog rolled in, and the military outpost was evacuated within ninety minutes.

The Russian military outpost that UVB-76 operated from until 2010. Image by ’bydunaika’

THE RUSSIAN MILITARY OUTPOST THAT UVB-76 OPERATED FROM UNTIL 2010. IMAGE BY BYDUNAIKA

After making their way across the site and avoiding the guard dog stationed outside, the groups found the bunker and military buildings in a state of abandonment.

The guard dog stationed outside the Povarovo military compound. Image by ‘Desert_Fox’

THE GUARD DOG STATIONED OUTSIDE THE POVAROVO MILITARY COMPOUND. IMAGE BY ‘DESERT_FOX’

Possessions and equipment were strewn across the base. Icy water had filled the bunker, yet clues were still to be found inside.

One group described the Povarov military bunker as “a quiet and lonely dark place, something like a maze with lots of corridors and rooms”.

A book was found that contained a log of messages sent by UVB-76. The ethereal signal that had fascinated the world for years now had a physical presence, along with confirmation that it had been run by the Russian military.

The UVB-76 logbook discovered by ‘bydunaika’

THE UVB-76 LOGBOOK DISCOVERED BY‘BYDUNAIKA’

The mystery continues to this day. Sporadic voice messages are still emitted. Legions of listeners tune in via radios and online streams every day. A file can be downloaded at this link that allows followers to listen to UVB-76 in iTunes.

Along with a renewed interest in studying and archiving the broadcasts of UVB-76, multiple triangulation attempts have been made to try and ascertain the new location of the signal. Unlike before, it seems that UVB-76 is emanating from multiple transmitters across Russia. Triangulation has given rise to three possible locations.

The small Russian village of Kirsino has a registered populace of just 39 people. One signal can be traced here.

UVB-76

KIRSINO, THE REMOTE RUSSIAN VILLAGE THAT MAY HOLD CLUES TO THE MEANING OF UVB-76. IMAGE FROM THE OFFICIAL KIRSINO WESBITE.

Near to the Estonian border lies the Pskov Oblast. This is currently the most likely source of UVB-76 due to the multiple triangulation attempts that lead here.

Pskov, the administrative center of Pskov Oblast, 2003. Photo by Sergey Rodovnichenko, Flickr

PSKOV, THE ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER OF PSKOV OBLAST, 2003. PHOTO BY SERGEY RODOVNICHENKO, FLICKR

A new theory has been the cause of much discussion amongst the followers of UVB-76. Could the signal be related to the Russian Government radio channel Voice Of Russia? One location that appears during triangulation attempts is very close to a transmitter array southeast of Kolpino that is reportedly used by the Russian government to transmit state radio across Russia.

As UVB-76 settled into the new location, Dance of The Little Swans from Swan Lake was played. Instrumental passages from Swan Lake are a favourite of Voice Of Russia.

The radio array that offers an intriguing link between UVB-76 and the Russian government

While internet followers have discovered the location of the old signal, the purpose of UVB-76 remains a mystery. As with any unexplained mystery, conspiracy theories abound, some more credible than others.

The closest thing to an official explanation for the signal’s purpose comes froman academic paper published by the Borok Geophysical Observatory. This is state-funded organisation that describes itself as a “branch of the Federal state budgetary institution of science”. They explain that the signal originates from an observatory using the 4625 kHz frequency to measure changes in the ionosphere.

This does not explain the military bunker, or the voice messages. Nor does the paper detail how successful such research would be. A signal on the 4625 kHz frequency would have suffered from extreme interference, rendering it nearly unusable for researching the ionosphere.

The fan-favourite conspiracy is that UVB-76 is the audible version of Russia’s “Dead Man Switch” system. In the case of a nuclear strike that cripples Russian military command, the automated system will launch a counter-strike. While it’s likely that Russia does possess such a system, it’s fanciful to think that this humble buzzing sound is the noise of our impending nuclear apocalypse.

The most credible explanation of UVB-76’s purpose is that it is a military communication system operating across western Russia. The coded messages are announcements for various military districts, enabling a simple means of communicating with multiple units at the same time. As for the repeating buzzing noise, this is thought to be a channel marker that exists to discourage others from using the same frequency.

An image posted on the Russian Wikipedia seems to confirm the military communication theory. A small framed piece of paper in an administration and enlistment office of the Russian army refers to 4625 kHz, the broadcasting frequency of UVB-76. With this so prominently displayed, it’s possible to confirm that the signal is not a “Dead Man’s Switch”, nor is the signal intended to be a secret.

The internet has, for decades, been listening to the internal communication network of the western division of the Russian armed forces.

UVB-76

CAPTION: A SIGN IN A RUSSIAN MILITARY ENLISTMENT OFFICE THAT REFERENCES THE 4625 KHZ FREQUENCY USED BY UVB-76. IMAGE FROM WIKIPEDIA USERORLANDO AVARE

While the mystery of UVB-76 may have been solved, its legion of followers and obsessives will continue to listen. Thousands of people across the world tune into the signal, hoping to catch one of the ethereal voice messages.

For those in the know, it’s a bemusing social phenomenon. But for the residents of 4chan’s /x/ board and the radio scanner fans, UVB-76 is far more than a communications network. For them, it’s a sign of the forthcoming apocalypse, it’s an international spy network, it’s a secret Russian space experiment.

Whether you believe the theories or not, there’s no denying the thrill that comes with hearing the distorted voice messages of UVB-76.

 

James Cook – The kernel


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Os lugares mais macabros do mundo

As tumbas Kabayan 

Localizado no norte das Filipinas, as tumbas Kabayan foram descobertas acidentalmente por uma equipe de exploração de madeira. Ela foi encontrada perto da encosta de uma montanha.
Quando os madeireiros entraram no local, eles encontraram centenas de crânios e pequenos caixões em formato de casca de noz. Quando eles abriram os caixões, se depararam com restos mumificados do povo Ibaloi.
Mais uma das tumbas de Kabayan: Caixões em formatos de nozes!

Laboratório russo abandonado

Um grupo de exploradores urbanos russo descobriu um edifício fechado repleto de equipamentos antigos de laboratórios. No local haviam pequenos frascos de conserva lacrados.

Quando eles limparam o pó, encontraram cérebros em conserva nos frascos. O laboratório fica debaixo da cidade de Moscou, Rússia.

Estima-se que ele tenha funcionado no início da Guerra Fria e que tenha sido abandonado à pressa, sem motivo aparente.

Não há anotações datadas no local, mas uma das descobertas foi a imagem do ex-presidente Mikhail Gorbachev sob um vidro de conserva com um cérebro dentro.

Hospício da Morte 

Localizado em Gyeonggi, Coréia, esse hospital psiquiátrico abandonado tem uma história misteriosa e aterrorizante.

Segundo a lenda local, os pacientes começaram a morrer misteriosamente por dez anos seguidos, o que ocasionou o seu encerramento. Ele é agora um prédio sujo e abandonado com os restos perturbadores do seu passado.

Cabana Gelada 

No inverno de 1911, Robert Scott e seus homens saíram de um acampamento base e partiram para a missão de chegar ao Pólo sul.

Porém, quando Scott e seus companheiros chegaram ao Pólo sul, em Janeiro de 1912, eles descobriram que outra equipe já havia conseguido fazer a viagem com um mês a menos.

Na viagem de volta ao acampamento base, Scott e seus amigos se abrigaram em uma pequena cabana no meio do gelo. Todo o grupo acabou por falecer no local.

A cabana ficou esquecida por 40 anos, até que uma expedição norte-americana escavou o gelo e neve e descobriram o local totalmente preservado.

Maior vala comum de uma tribo canibal 

Dr. Bruno Boulestin e sua equipe estavam escavando ao redor de uma antiga aldeia de 7 mil anos, chamada Herxheim, quando descobriram um osso humano.

Escavaram mais um pouco e encontraram outro osso, mais um, outro e quando viram havia 500 corpos.

Os ossos estavam cobertos de marcas de mordidas. Todos os 500 corpos mostraram marcas semelhantes as encontradas em restos de animais assados no espeto.

Os pesquisadores descobriram que os cortes na carne humana eram feitos para chegar até a medula, que provavelmente era o prato mais disputado.

Metro de Cincinnati 

No início da década de 1900, Cincinnati foi uma das principais cidades dos EUA em crescimento. Ela se expandiu além de suas fronteiras e a necessidade de um sistema de transporte público de alta velocidade foi irremediável.

O plano de construção foi orçado em, aproximadamente, R$ 24 milhões de reais. Porém, o governo só dispunha de R$ 6 milhões no orçamento.

Ao invés de repensar o projecto, eles resolveram tentar executar as obras. Resultado: algumas linhas foram construídas, porém não havia dinheiro para concluir o metro.

Com isso, as linhas ficaram abandonadas por muito tempo. Ainda hoje, existem trechos de linhas que estão abandonadas.

Parque radioativo 

O Parque Amusement fica na cidade de Chernobyl, Ucrânia, local do maior acidente nuclear da história.

O parque nem chegou à abrir as portas, já que a explosão do reactor nuclear aconteceu cinco dias antes da inauguração, que deveria ocorrer em 1º de Maio de 1986.

Chuuk 

Chuuk, antigamente conhecido como Truk, é um grupo de ilhas no Oceano Pacífico que compõe os Estados Federados da Micronésia.

Durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial, em fevereiro de 1944, a Marinha dos EUA lançou um ataque contra o Exército Imperial Japonês.

A Operação Hailstone, como foi baptizada, foi uma das mais mortíferas e grandiosas batalhas da parte da guerra que ocorreu no Pacífico.

Milhares de soldados, de ambos os lados, morreram no confronto. No final, armas, máquinas e os cadáveres dos soldados acabaram sepultados para sempre no fundo do Pacífico. Depois de quase 70 anos, os restos da batalha ainda estão intocados no leito do oceano.


Floresta do suicídio 

A floresta de Aokigahara, localizada à base do Monte Fuji, Japão, é densa e extremamente silenciosa, já que a fauna é escassa.

Por isso, o local passa uma enorme sensação de vazio. Além disso, desde a década de 1950, os japoneses têm cometido suicídios no local.

Na verdade, o local já teve tantas mortes, que pessoas começaram a espalhar mensagens com provérbios como “a vida é preciosa” e “pense em sua família”, para tentar inibir os suicidas.

O Metrô Secreto 

Supostamente era para ser um segredo, mas o governo Russo, durante o período soviético, construiu um metrô paralelo ao público.

Esse metrô especial fazia a interligação entre o palácio do governo, aeroportos secretos, instalações militares, bunkers e a antiga residência privada de Stalin. Ele foi construído a uma profundidade bem maior que o sistema normal, 183 metros.

Túmulo dos crânios afundados 

Em 2009, os arqueólogos estavam escavando o fundo de um lago seco, do período pré-histórico, em Motala, Suécia.

Eles encontraram com as bases de uma estrutura de pedra selada no fundo do antigo lago. Os arqueólogos descobriram que se tratava de ossos de animais, ferramentas de pedras e crânios de 10 pessoas — entre adultos e crianças.

Os achados possuem 8 mil anos de idade. Mais tarde, um 11º crânio foi achado no fundo do lago, com fragmentos de outro crânio por dentro.

Museu Psiquiátrico Glore 

O museu leva o nome de George Glore, que na década de 1960, prendia seus pacientes no Hospital Estadual St. Joseph. O local conta com réplicas de pacientes passando pelas mais horríveis práticas psiquiátricas dos últimos séculos.

Feira de vudu 

Em Togo, um dos países da África Ocidental, funciona a maior feira de crânios e animais empalhados do mundo. Ela ocorre em um dos bairros da capital, Lomé.

A população acredita que os animais mortos os protegem de fantasmas. O mercado é um dos roteiros turísticos de Togo.

Muynak 

Este cemitério de navios está localizado no meio de um mar. Ele fica no que resta da cidade de Muynak, Uzbequistão.

Muitos anos atrás, centenas de navio atracavam no porto de pesca do Mar de Aral, porém, com o tempo, a água simplesmente desapareceu, deixando os navios para trás.

Estrada da morte 

Essa estrada foi construída por prisioneiro paraguaios na década de 1930 e interliga a capital da Bolívia, La Paz, à cidade de Corioco.

O tráfego é feito em mão dupla, porém a largura das duas pistas juntas raramente ultrapassam três metros. Não há guard-rail na estrada.

Além disso, constantemente há neblina e chuva, o que já custou um enorme número de vítimas. Se um veículo perde o controle e sai da estrada, a qeda é de 600 metros.

Tártaro Maia 

Os maias acreditava que quem era cruel na vida ia para um local específico quando morria: uma rede de cavernas subterrâneas sob as selvas de Yucatan.

Os pesquisadores descobriram um sistema de ornamento de cavernas, cheio de antigos templos e ruínas que, eventualmente, levam para uma coluna gigante à beira de uma piscina escura e profunda. No caminho para o local, eles encontraram restos de estátuas, cerâmicas e restos humanos.

Zoológico abandonado 

O Griffith Park Zoo, em Los Angeles, EUA, acabou abandonado quando um novo zoológico foi construído na cidade. A prefeitura não quis demolir o antigo. Hoje ele funciona como um museu de peças enferrujadas, gaiolas vazias e caixas podres.

Fonte: R7 (Via Correio do Insólito)